The unique composition and excellent properties of aluminum have made it one of the most important materials for engineering and materials making. Light weight, high strength and high resistance to corrosion and rust make aluminum an excellent metal. Aluminum is recyclable and environmentally friendly. Aluminum is durable and has been working for years without rot. In terms of quality and value, aluminum is the most widely used metal after iron and is important in almost all sectors of the industry.
All of these features make aluminum an ideal choice for use in special situations. Aluminum is used in transportation, packaging, construction, electricity, etc.
Some of the many uses of aluminum include:
Aluminum, together with a small percentage of silica, zinc, manganese, magnesium, copper or lithium, constitutes corrosion-resistant, and rust-resistant alloys for packaging, containers, electrical goods, building materials, aerospace and automotive applications. goes.
Aluminum is used in the preparation of kitchen utensils for the preparation of all kinds of insulation and as a good thermal conductor. Aluminum is the second conductive element behind copper, after copper, and is used to provide high voltage conductors because of its very strong electric lines. Bauxites are used in the preparation of cement and dye-fixing materials, and aluminum oxide powder as bauxite minerals is used for the preparation of aluminum sulfate and sodium aluminate in water treatment. Aluminum sulfate is also used in the paper and textile industries.
Aluminum is fully recyclable (2%) and 2% energy efficient. Aluminum scrap is traded on the world market. Aluminum scrap is widely sold to secondary aluminum smelters. It helps both protect and protect the environment and is commercially viable as it saves on the cost of melting and producing aluminum in terms of energy consumption.
Benefits of using aluminum in the car
Today, with global competition and increasing environmental connectivity, car manufacturers are facing new competition, and their production should be less polluting. And simply re-enter the car cycle without compromising safety and convenience, increasing machine efficiency and reducing current costs. Every 5kg of weight loss reduces fuel consumption by 4.3 liters per 1kg. Less gas emits from the car exhaust and costs are reduced. Aluminum is a major contributor to weight loss. This weight loss has led to increased efficiency and less fuel consumption in the car.
High aluminum use in vehicles can reduce greenhouse gas emissions by up to 5%. The high consumption of aluminum in the car has saved more than 2 billion gallons of fuel from today.
B- Aerospace Industries
Aluminum alloys are widely used in the manufacture of commercial and military aircraft due to their high tensile strength and low weight. Aluminum is the premier material used in aircraft that makes up from 1% to 5% of its total weight.
The new generation of aluminum-lithium alloys reduces aircraft weight by 5%. These alloys have a lower density, high toughness and higher degradation resistance than materials used in the aerospace industry. The first generation of aluminum-lithium alloys have been used in the aerospace and defense industries. These alloys were first used in Airbus 4A. Boeing 2 was subsequently transformed to use its alloy in the manufacture of its products. The use of aluminum-lithium alloys in the aircraft reduces fuel consumption by 2-5 percent and aircraft weight by 2-5 percent. At the same time, the corrosion resistance and body structure of the aircraft improves by 2%. The new generation of aluminum-lithium alloys looks set to look forward to a positive future in the aviation industry.
C. Marine Industry
Aluminum is widely used in the shipbuilding industry. The reason for using aluminum in these industries is light weight, high resistance and corrosion resistance. Group 2 aluminum alloys have good strength and corrosion resistance in offshore structures. The market for aluminum is especially high in fast boats. The biggest and biggest potential use of aluminum in this industry is passenger and cargo ships that want to be fast.
D- Rail transport industry
High resistance to light weight aluminum makes it used in the construction of rotating parts of trains, allowing the train to carry more fuel and load. Aluminum is often resistant to rust, which can be used for long-term use. Aluminum has a wide variety of uses in the industry, including the construction of freight wagons, locomotives and subways. Aluminum rails can expand in a variety of magnetic rail systems. Aluminum is also used in high-speed trains used to carry passengers.
Cans and packages
The use of aluminum in the body and head and bottom of canned cans is the most important use of aluminum in this segment of the industry, accounting for 2%. The packaging industry is the second largest aluminum industry after the shipping industry, but very different amounts of aluminum are used in the industry worldwide.
The building industry is an important market for aluminum, where aluminum and its alloys are used. The most important factors that make aluminum used in this area are low weight, high ductility, high resistance to rust, low maintenance cost, long life and no need for painting. The low weight of aluminum reduces construction costs and reduces construction time. China and the US are the largest consumers of aluminum in the building